What is honey?
Honey is the name given to the sweet, yellowish liquid that is produced by honey bees. Bee's honey is one of the most valued and appreciated natural subtances known to mankind since ancient times. (International Research Journal of Pharmacy, 2013)
Benefits of honey
- Honey contains major components of a meal, and micronutrients that will enhance the digestion and absorption of these major dietary components, as well as those required for metabolism and body functions. (Ajibola et al. Nutrition & Metabolism 2012)
- Honey is widely used for nourishment, constituting a nutritious supplement with medicinal properties recognized all over the world (Montenegro et al., 2003)
- Because of its high nutritious value and unique flavor, honey has become increasingly accepted by consumers, often being used as a substitute for other sweeteners (Montenegro et al., 2003)
- Several studies have found that the consumption of honey can improve the defenses against oxidative stress (Al-Mamary et al., 2002; Schramm et al., 2003; Beretta et al., 2007; van der Berg et al., 2008).
- Honey and beehive-related substances have been used as antiseptic agents since long. (Molan, 2001).
- Due to its antimicrobial properties, the use of natural honey has also been recommended in medical treatments for promoting wound disinfection and healing (Khan et al., 2007).
- Some physicians have also advised their patients to use honey to improve the healing of surgical scars (Molan, 1999b; Molan, 2001; Khan et al., 2007).
Sources of Honey
- In Chile, honey is produced by approximately 14,000 beekeepers, and there are over 335,000 apiaries, which produce different varieties of unifloral and polyfloral honey (Muñoz et al., 2007).